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Sheila MerzaSheila Merza
hey Mevlut.... I believe this is long over due but I can not just be silent because I want to thank you for having arranged for me and my friends the most organized and adventurous tour ever!!!!!!!I mean, the hotels were superb I must say ;) The guides were so nice 'cause they treat us like part of ...
Sheila Merza
Artvin is a province in Turkey, on the Black Sea coast in the north-eastern corner of the country, on the border with Georgia.
The provincial capital is the city of Artvin.
Artvin is an attractive area of steep valleys carved by the Çoruh River system, surrounded by high mountains of Kaçkar, Karçal and Yalnızçam and forest with much national parkland including the Karagöl-Sahara, which contains the �zavÅŸat and Borçka lakes. The weather in Artvin is very wet and mild at the coast, and as a result is heavily forested. This greenery runs from the top all the way down to the Black Sea coast. The rain turns to snow at higher altitudes, and the peaks are very cold in winter.
The forests are home to brown bears and wolves. The Çoruh is now being dammed in 11 places for hydro-electric power, including the 249 m Deriner Dam and others at Borçka and Muratlı.
Local industries include bee-keeping especially in Macahel region.
Artvin is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.
The area has a rich history but has not been studied extensively by archaeologists in recent decades. Artifacts dating back to the Bronze Age and even earlier have been found. The Hurri settled in the Artvin area in 2000 BC and were succeeded by the Urartu civilisation, based in Lake Van. Later, the area was part of the kingdom of Colchis but was always vulnerable to invasions, first the Scythians from across the Caucasus, then the Muslim armies led by Habib, son of Caliph Uthman who controlled the area from 853 AD to 1023 when it was conquered by the Byzantines from the Sac Emirate linked to the Abbasids.
The Seljuk Turks of Alparslan conquered the area in 1064 AD; but after his death, it was briefly recaptured by the king of Georgia with the help of the Byzantines, but by 1081 was in Turkish hands again when SaltukoÄŸlu Beylik managed to take it back with the aid of MelikÅŸah. With the collapse of the Seljuks, the Artvin area came under the control of the Ildeniz tribe of the Anatolian Turkish beyliks,Fighting for control between various Turkish clans continued until the Safavids taking advantage of this infighting, were able to conquer the area in 1502.
The Ottoman Empire under Mehmet II defeated the Empire of Trebizond to bring the eastern Black Sea coast and the mountanous hinterland under their control.
In 1924, the Liva Sanjak was abolished and the Artvin Vilayet was created. Artvin Vilayet was combined with Rize to form Çoruh Vilayet with the capital at Rize. It was separated into Artvin Province with the districts of Ardanuç, Arhavi, Artvin, Borçka, Hopa Murgul, �zavÅŸat and Yusufeli at 4 January 1936.
 Places of interest
The city of Artvin has an ancient castle and a number of Ottoman period houses, mosques, and fountains.
Every June, there is a "bull-wrestling" festival in the high plateau of Kafkasor
The Parekhi monastery, a Georgian monastery
Popular places for walking and outdoor expeditions.
The   Kackar  Mountains are among the most-popular venues for trekking holidays in Turkey.
Machahel Valleyon the Georgian border, is another popular location for walking holidays.
Papart forest in �zavsat
 Genciyan Hill in �zavÅŸat, overlooks the border and theBinboÄŸa lakes.
The lakes of �zavÅŸat and Borçka and the crater lake of Kuyruklu.
The Çoruh River is excellent for rafting and championships have been held here * There are a number of Georgian churches in the valleys of Yusufeli.
 Bilbilan Yaylası - a typical Turkish high meadow.
Savangin pre-historical cave with an  inscription written unknown or unsolved alphabet
Hunting is highly recommended in the area.
 How to go to Artvin ?
You may reach to Artvin by bus from Ankara or Istanbul directly or by air from Istanbul.